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Giving the small state of Delaware the same voting power as the large state of Virginia, for example, provided protection for the voice of the minority. The framers wanted the Senate always to be a comparatively smaller body than the House.Knowing this is crucial to understanding the framers’ design for the Senate, but of equal importance is the number itself. This smaller size has allowed the Senate to maintain its more deliberative nature and to persist in its tradition of unlimited debate, including the use of the filibuster, long after the House abolished that privilege in its chamber. Why not two years, like the House of Representatives?Unlike the House, the Senate does not have to reelect its officers every two years, nor is it required to re-adopt its official rules with each new congress. Impeachment proceedings can span two congresses without the need to re-adopt impeachment rules or procedures.

Senate as a deliberative body Senate as protector of minority rights Senate as promoter of compromise Senate as “cooling factor” in legislative process Senators as “states’ ambassadors” Senate as advisory body 1. The quick answer to this question is that there are two senators for each of the 50 states, but the importance of the number 100 goes well beyond that simple fact.

As decided by the Great Compromise of 1787, each state is represented by two senators; therefore each state has an equal voice in the Senate.

Every two years, one-third of the Senate faces election. Every two years, two-thirds of the Senate continues in office with no break in service.

By 1787, having endured the trauma of revolution and war and the failures of the Articles of Confederation, the framers were very concerned about stability and continuity in the new government.

To the Senate, however, is given the task of deliberating upon those charges and voting to convict or acquit.

To achieve this purpose, all of the elements already discussed—the smaller, continuing body of older and more experienced members that is insulated from public pressure—come into play.The Senate’s distance from pressures of public opinion—senators may not have to face election for another four or six years—promotes a more judicious action.Since the Senate is a continuing body, impeachment proceedings can continue from one two-year congress to the next without the need to reissue warrants and summons.Knowing that partisan politics would play a role, the framers built safeguards into the system.To convict and remove an official, a two-thirds majority of the Senate is required.Impeachment also provides a useful example of the differing institutional roles of the House and the Senate.

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